Retinal ablation is the condition when the retina (a thin layer which is located at the back of the eye) starts regardless of the blood vessels which transmits oxygen and nutrients. The retina is an important part of the eye that serves to process all of the incoming light into the eye.
The aging process is one of the causes of retinal ablation is most often the case. Most cases of ablation retina occur in people aged 60 to 70 years. However, it does not cover the possibility of ablation retina can occur in young adults or children. Usually the main cause of ablation retina in younger age groups is the existence of a history of trauma to the eye.
Retinal ablation is usually only occurs in one eye. If not handled properly, the retinal ablation sufferers can be at risk of experiencing permanent blindness.
Symptoms Of Retinal Ablation
Terlepasnya retina from the layer behind it will not cause pain. Often, the ablation retina retinal occur unexpectedly. But there are also some early signs indicate that you may be experiencing the retinal ablation, among others:
Floaters in the eye appear suddenly. Floaters are black spots that appear to hover in one’s field of vision.
The effects of nest of spiders due to the large number of floaters.
Blurred vision or other disruptions.
Flashing lights appear on the eyes that just appeared no more than a second.
The side eye vision slowly decreases.
Vision clouded by a shadow like a curtain.
Meet the doctor immediately if you feel any of these symptoms before the condition is getting worse and you lose vision.
Causes and risk factors of Ablation Retina
Retinal ablation is often occurs due to small rips in the retina, so that liquid vitreus (fluid in the central part of the eyeball) would seep through cracks between the retina and the layer behind it. This fluid will accumulate, and causes the entire layer of the retina detached from its base. It is this condition called retinal ablation.
Rupture of the retina itself can occur due to a few things below:
The retina thins and grow brittle due to increasing age.
Diabetes with complications in the parts of the eye.
Injury to the eye.
The reduced production of liquid vitreus vitreus, thus will constrict. This will pull the vitreus produced the retina from its base, causing the tear.
Ablation retina generally occur in a person over the age of 50 years. In addition to the elderly, some of the factors that cause the risk of someone affected by retinal ablation is getting bigger:
Never suffer from retinal ablation before.
Have family members person with retinal ablation.
Suffering from low vision (myopia).
Never underwent eye surgery or severe eye injury.
Never lose another eye disease or inflammation.
Diagnosis Of Retinal Ablation
Diagnosis of retinal ablation is usually enforced by an eye specialist. If a specialist eye suspect patients affected by retinal ablation, then there are some actions that may be carried out inspection, namely:
Examination of the inside of the eye. This is done by using the tool or oftalmoskop slitlamp.
Testing of imaging with ultrasound. This method is done if the retina cannot be observed clearly with an examination using oftalmoskop or slitlamp.
Retinal Ablation Treatment
Surgery will be needed to handle the condition of ablation retina. Generally, the retinal ablation sufferers need only undergo a one-time surgery.
If the retina torn or perforated but had not yet reached the stage of spite then there is some type of laser therapy can do to deal with it, namely:
Freezing (kriopeksi). Eye specialist will freeze the rips in the retina, thus leading to scarring help stick to the walls of the retina of the eye.
Laser surgery (fotokoagulasi). Eye specialist will direct the laser beam to burn a little networking around a tear in the retina, thus leading to scarring help stick to the walls of the retina of the eye.
If the patient’s retina is already detached, then patients need surgery to deal with it. Some types of surgery that can be done to handle the retina is detached:
Pneumatic retinopexy. Eye specialist doctor will inject a small gas bubble will hit the retina back into its normal position. This type of surgery is selected if a part of the retina that regardless just a bit.
Vitrectomy. In this type of surgery, the doctor will take the liquid vitreus in eyes, then replace it with a gas or bubble Silicon.
Scleral buckling. Eye specialist will sew silicone rubber or sponge on the outside of the whites of the eyes (sklera). This silicone rubber will bind and pressing the whites of the eyes so that the retina could be attached to the back wall of the eye.
Prevention Of Retinal Ablation
You can reduce the risk of developing retinal ablation through some of the following, among others:
Use eye protection when exercising or other risky activities.
Check the eye once every year on a regular basis.
Immediately consult your eye doctor if it appears new floaters, flashes of light, or any changes in visibility.
The control of sugar levels and blood pressure you into blood vessels into the retina remains healthy.